Useful information about diabetes
Before knowing various facts about diabetes, first, we have to understand that what is diabetes . Diabetes is a disorder in which the body is incapable of properly using and collecting glucose (a form of sugar). Glucose backs up in the flow — causing one’s blood glucose (sometimes referred to as blood sugar) to rise too high.
There are two major types of diabetes. In type 1 (formerly called juvenile-onset or insulin-dependent) diabetes, the body doesn’t make any insulin which is a hormone that allows the body to use glucose set up in foods for energy. People with type 1 diabetes need to take day-to-day insulin injections to function properly. This form of diabetes typically progresses in children or young adults but can happen at any age. Type 2 (once called adult-onset or non-insulin-dependent) diabetes fall outs when the body doesn’t produce an adequate amount of insulin and/or is incapable to use insulin appropriately (insulin resistance). This form of diabetes typically happens in people who are over 40, overweight and have a family history of diabetes, even though today it is more and more and its occurrence has increased in younger people, above all adolescents.
And now let’s talk about useful information about diabetes.
How do people recognize if they have diabetes?
People with diabetes regularly experience certain symptoms :
- recurrent urination
- weight loss
- increased hunger
- blurred vision
- scratchy or coldness in the hands or feet
- recurrent skin, bladder or gum infections
- injuries that don’t heal
- extreme unexplained exhaustion
In some circumstances, there are no symptoms — this happens at times with type 2 diabetes. In this circumstance, people keep living with diabetes for months, even years without knowing they have the disease.
Who gets diabetes?
Diabetes can happen to anyone. But, people who have close relations with disease are somewhat more prone to develop it. Other risk factors contain obesity, high fat, high blood density, and physical laziness. The risk of rising diabetes also rises as people grow older. People who are older than 40 and bulky are more likely to develop diabetes, even if the incidence of type 2 diabetes in adolescents is growing. Diabetes is more common between Native Americans, African Americans, Hispanic Americans, and Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders. Also, people who develop diabetes through pregnancy (a condition called gestational diabetes) are more prone to develop full-blown diabetes in future life.
How is diabetes treated?
The main goal of treating type 1 and type 2 diabetes is to control blood sugar (glucose) levels within the regular range, with insignificant outings to low or high levels.
Type 1 diabetes is treated with:
insulin, exercise, and a type 1 diabetes diet.
Type 2 diabetes is treated:
First with weight reduction, a type 2 diabetes diet, and exercise. Diabetes medicines (oral or injected) are arranged when these measures fail to control the raised blood sugars of type 2 diabetes. If other medicines become unsuccessful treatment with insulin may be started.